As gem mines around the world start to be depleted of their natural rough gemstone material, mine owners are constantly trying various means to find new sources for extraction. However, the earth produced a limited quantity, and supplies are getting scares. As a result, the price for these rough stones is steadily increasing, and it directly affects the cost of finished jewelry containing gemstones.
It is not surprising, then, that there is increasing interest in lab created, man-made and synthetic gemstones. The first man-made ruby was created in the late 1800s using the flame infusion method. More recent technological advances, however, have led to new types of synthetic and simulated gemstones over the past few years.
Simulated gemstones are created in a laboratory environment, but they differ from natural gemstones and lab created gemstone in many significant ways, and are only made to look like a natural gemstone. Simulated gemstones in most cases do not have the same mineral composition, color, hardness, luster, or looks of a natural gemstone or lab created gemstone.
Most low cost jewelry is made with simulated gemstones due to the fact that simulated gemstones cost less than lab created gemstones.
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